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1924: Establishment of the OIE

January Monthly dossier Vitrail OIE

In 1920, rinderpest occurred unexpectedly in Belgium when infected zebu cattle from India on their way to Brazil stopped in transit at the port of Antwerp.
Almost three years later, on January 25th 1924, 28 countries signed in Paris the International Agreement establishing the Office International des Epizooties (OIE).

Early history

Leclainche E. (1936). Histoire de la Médecine Vétérinaire. 

In 1920, rinderpest occurred unexpectedly in Belgium, when infected zebu cattle from India on their way to Brazil stopped in transit at the port of Antwerp.

At the initiative of France, an international conference was held to which all countries were invited. Forty-two countries […] took up this invitation.

Rinderpest was eradicated in 2010

First international conference

CREATION OIE 3

A group of eminent persons attending the 1921 conference visits France’s National Veterinary School of Alfort (ENVA)

The conference was held in Paris in May 1921. It called for the establishment, in Paris, of an international office for the control of infectious animal diseases.

OIE's first members

CREATION_OIE_1
CREATION OIE 4
CREATION OIE 5
CREATION OIE 6

In less than three years, 28 countries joined the initiative.
Twenty-eight countries signed the International Agreement establishing the Office International des Epizooties in Paris on 25 January 1924: Argentine Republic, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Czechoslovak Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Mexico, Morocco, Netherlands, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Principality of Monaco, Romania, Siam, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and Tunisia.

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